Oil-press, the name of an olive-yard at the foot of the Mount of Olives, to which Jesus was wont to retire (Luke 22:39) with his disciples, and which is specially memorable as being the scene of his agony (Mark 14:32; John 18:1; Luke 22:44). The plot of ground pointed out as Gethsemane is now surrounded by a wall, and is laid out as a modern European flower-garden. It contains eight venerable olive-trees, the age of which cannot, however, be determined. The exact site of Gethsemane is still in question. Dr. Thomson (The Land and the Book) says: "When I first came to Jerusalem, and for many years afterward, this plot of ground was open to all whenever they chose to come and meditate beneath its very old olivetrees. The Latins, however, have within the last few years succeeded in gaining sole possession, and have built a high wall around it...The Greeks have invented another site a little to the north of it...My own impression is that both are wrong. The position is too near the city, and so close to what must have always been the great thoroughfare eastward, that our Lord would scarcely have selected it for retirement on that dangerous and dismal night...I am inclined to place the garden in the secluded vale several hundred yards to the north-east of the present Gethsemane."

Easton's Bible Dictionary. . 1897.

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  • Gethsemane — (Greek ΓεσΘημανι, Gesthēmani Hebrew: גת שמנים , from Aramaic גת שמנא, Gat Šmānê , lit. oil press ) is a garden at the foot of the Mount of Olives in Jerusalem believed to be the place where Jesus and his disciples prayed the night before the… …   Wikipedia

  • Gethsemane — name of a garden on the Mount of Olives in Jerusalem [Matt. xxvi:36 46], from Gk. Gethsemane, from Aramaic gath shemani(m) oil press …   Etymology dictionary

  • Gethsemane — [geth sem′ə nē] n. [Gr Gethsēmanē < Aram gat shemanin, lit., oil press: ? because such a press was located there] 1. Bible a garden on the Mount of Olives, east of Jerusalem, scene of the agony, betrayal, and arrest of Jesus: Matt. 26:36 2.… …   English World dictionary

  • Gethsemăne — (d.i. Ölkelter, a. Geogr.), Vorwerk am Fuße des Ölbergs bei Jerusalem (s.d.), jenseit des Baches Kidron, wo Jesus von Judas seinen Feinden verrathen wurde; hier hatte bei der Belagerung Jerusalems durch die Römer die 10. Legion ihr Lager …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Gethsemane — (»Ölkelter«), Vorwerk am Fuß des Ölbergs bei Jerusalem, jenseit des Baches Kidron, bekannt aus der Leidensgeschichte Jesu. Der acht alte Ölbäume umschließende Ort ist im Besitz der Franziskaner, die ihn 1847 mit einer Mauer umgeben haben. S. den… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Gethsemane — Gethsemăne (d.i. Ölkelter), Hof oder Garten am Fuße des Ölberges bei Jerusalem, Ort der Gefangennahme Jesu; jetzt im Besitz der Franziskaner …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Gethsemane — • The place in which Jesus Christ suffered the Agony and was taken prisoner by the Jews Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006 …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Gethsemane — Gethsemanic, gethsemanic /geth seuh man ik/, adj. /geth sem euh nee/, n. 1. a garden east of Jerusalem, near the brook of Kedron: scene of Jesus agony and betrayal. Matt. 26:36. 2. (l.c.) a scene or occasion of suffering; calvary. * * * Garden… …   Universalium

  • Gethsemane — Der Garten Getsemani. Zwischen den Bäumen erkennt man die Kirche aller Nationen, im Hintergrund die russisch orthodoxe Maria Magdalena Kirche. Olivenernte im Garten G …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Gethsemane — Geth|se|ma|ne […ne ], Geth|se|ma|ni, (ökum.:) Getsemani: Garten am Ölberg bei Jerusalem, die Stätte der Gefangennahme Christi. * * * Gethsemane   [hebräisch »Ölkelter«], die Stätte des Gebets und der Gefangennahme Jesu (Markus 14, 32), am Fuß des …   Universal-Lexikon

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